Empire-Sofil cinemas,under the patronage of the sweden embassy.For the opening ceremony,on the 2nd of february,"Saraband",the last picture of the cinematographer,has been screened.The retrospective lasted from the 2nd to 12 febr.2012.
Ingmar Bergman was born in Sweden,the son of a lutheran minister. He grew up surrounded by religious imagery and discussion.
Bergman's film career began in 1941 with writing scripts and screenplays.During his life,he directed over 60 films and documentaries,most of which he also wrote and directed.Among his company of actors were Harriet Anderson,Liv Ullman,Bibi Anderson,Ingrid Thulin,Ingrid Bergman and Max Von Sydow.Most of his films were set in the landscape of Sweden.His major subjects were death,illness,faith,betrayal and insanity.
During the fifties,he wrote and directed more than a dozen films including Summer with Monika and The Naked Night/Sawdust and Tinsel both from 1953.
Bergman first achieved worldwide success with Smiles of a Summer Night(1955)which was nominated for the Palme d'or at Cannes the following year.This was followed by The Seventh Seal and Wild Strawberries,released in Sweden 10 months apart in 1957.The Seventh Seal won a special jury prize and was nominated for the Palme d'Or at Cannes and Wild Strawberries won numerous awards for Bergman and its stars.
In the early 1960s he directed 3 films(Through Glass Darkly,Winter Light,The Silence)that explored the theme of faith and doubt in God.Critics created the notion that the common themes in these 3 films represented trilogy or cinematic triptych,that Bergman accepted later,as having connection to each other.
In 1966,he directed Persona, a film that he himself considered one of his most important works.While the shockingly experimental film won few awards,many consider it his masterpiece.Other notable films of the period include Cries and Whispers(1973) and the Magic flute(1975).
After his arrest in 1976 for tax evasion,Bergman swore he would never again make films in Sweden.He shut down his film studio and went into self- imposed exile. He briefly considered the possibility of working in America and his next film Autumn Sonata(1978)was a British-Norwegian co-production.
In 1982,he returned to his homeland to direct Fanny and Alexander.Bergman stated that the film would be his last.Then,he wrote several film scripts and directed a number of television specials.Some of these productions were later released in theatres,as After the Rehearsal(1984) and last such work was Saraband(2003)directed by Bergman when he was eighty-four years old.
Bergman usually wrote his own screenplays,thinking about them for months or years before starting the process of writing.His earlier films are carefully constructed.But in his later works, when on occasion his actors would want to do things differently from his own intention,he would let them.As his career progressed, Bergman let his actors improvise their dialogue.In his latest films, he wrote just the ideas informing the scene and allowed his actors to determine the exact dialogue.
When asked about his films,Bergman said he held Winter Light,Persona and Cries and Whispers in the highest regard.
Bergman's films usually deal with existential question of morality,loneliness and religious faith.While these topics could seem cerebral,sexual desire found its way to the foreground of most of his films.
Bergman in the world of cinema is a big master,a giant in the size of Beethoven or Shakespeare.Discribed by Woody Allen as "the greatest film artist,since the invention of the motion picture camera",he is recognized as one of the most accomplished and influential films directors.